There is an old lie that has been handed down from generation to generation since the time that the Spanish completely dominated the Philippines.
That lie basically tells us that change cannot happen unless "Those Above" decree it.
It used to be God, then it became the Church, and then it became anyone who could wield power by use of force or wealth.
Even the great Jose Rizal could not see change happening unless the power to do so was bestowed by "Those Above".
"Those Above" refer to people or a group of people who control everything in this country by virtue of their position in society as politicians and as controllers of vast stores of wealth.
Consequently, every quest and every struggle for change has been about seizing power from "Those Above". In seizing power, "Those above" are replaced but the situation remains basically the same. The old controllers of power and wealth are replaced by new controllers, yet the relations between "Those Above" and those who are subject to their power remain the same.